Body Mass Index – BMI

According to the World Health Organization, the Body Mass Index is an index commonly used to classify underweight, overweight and obesity in adults. BMI is obtained by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). It is a commonly used index to classify overweight and obesity in adults. (1)World Health Organization (WHO). BMI classification. Available here. (2)World Health Organization (WHO). Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Available here.

This index is age and gender independent. However, it has some limitations, since:

  • Different populations present different body proportions and body build. This means that a BMI in one country has distinct health implications when compared with the same BMI in another country;
  • It doesn’t consider the varying contributions of bone mass, muscle mass and fluid to body weight;
  • The percentage on body fat increases with age and is higher in women.

The BMI has the following cutting points, representing several classifications.

ClassificationBMI(kg/m2)
Underweightless than 18.50
      Severe thinnessless than 16.00
      Moderate thinness16.00 - 16.99
      Mild thinness17.00 - 18.49
Normal range18.50 - 24.99
Overweight≥ 25.00
      Pre-obese25.00 - 29.99
      Obese≥ 30.00
           Obese class I30.00 - 34.99
           Obese class II35.00 - 39.99
           Obese class III≥ 40.00

References   [ + ]

1. World Health Organization (WHO). BMI classification. Available here.
2. World Health Organization (WHO). Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Available here.

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