The definition of cocoa solids differs between some countries and various scientific sources.
Cocoa solids may refer to the dried cocoa beans (moisture-free) that either contain cocoa butter or have it removed.
The most unambiguous way of naming this product is used in Europe. In Europe, cocoa solids with cocoa butter removed are called “Dry non-fat cocoa solids”, while cocoa solids with cocoa butter are called with either generic “Cocoa solids” or more specific “Total dry cocoa solids”. (1)Guidance on the Cocoa and Chocolate Products Regulations 2003. Available here.
This website uses the specific name “dry non-fat cocoa solids” for clarity.
Cocoa solids can be contained in cocoa mass, cocoa, cocoa butter, cocoa liquor, cocoa nibs. (2)Available here.
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