Essential Amino Acids
Amino acids are components of proteins and are used for breaking down food. They are also a source of energy and growth and help repair tissues. Amino acids are divided into three categories: (1)National Institutes of Health. Amino acid explorer. Available here.
- Essential amino acids (our bodies cannot produce them and therefore they must come from our diet). There are 9 essential amino acids: histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. We don’t need to eat essential amino acids with every meal, but should have the full range throughout the day.
- Non-essential amino acids (our bodies produce them, so we don’t need them from the diet). They include: alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid.
- Conditional amino acids (only needed during illness or stress). They include: arginine, cysteine, glutamine, tyrosine, glycine, ornithine, proline and serine.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||National Institutes of Health. Amino acid explorer. Available here.|