Nutrition Myths


Oligosaccharides are sugars containing a small number of simple sugars (monosaccharaides) which are partly digested by humans. The undigested component is fermented by intestinal bacteria. Oligosaccharides increase good gut bacteria and decrease the harmful ones. Oligosaccharides are found in animals in the plasma cell membranes. Their role is cell-to-cell recognition. (1)

Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) consist of short chain fructose molecules and are found in vegetables.
Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) consist of short chains of galactose molecules.

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Is too much fruit bad for you? There are no studies showing a limit for daily fruit intake. Increasing the amount of fruit consumption improves health, but you should always leave room for other food groups for a balanced diet.
Is fructose bad for you? High fructose consumption from processed foods produces negative effects in the human body, leads to metabolic syndrome, obesity and increases the risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
How many calories are in fiber? Scientists have shown that an accurate measure for dietary fiber is 2 calories per gram of energy. This was adopted by most countries as a standard, except the U.S that still assigns 4 calories per gram of energy.
Toxic effects of fructose metabolism Fructose is mostly metabolized in the liver. The result of this process produces a high amount of harmful substances which lead to metabolic syndrome and related diseases.

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