Nutrition Myths
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Oligosaccharides

Oligosaccharides are sugars containing a small number of simple sugars (monosaccharaides) which are partly digested by humans. The undigested component is fermented by intestinal bacteria. Oligosaccharides increase good gut bacteria and decrease the harmful ones. Oligosaccharides are found in animals in the plasma cell membranes. Their role is cell-to-cell recognition. (1)

Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) consist of short chain fructose molecules and are found in vegetables.
Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) consist of short chains of galactose molecules.

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Difference between simple and complex carbohydrates Simple carbs and complex carbs can be clearly defined in a biochemical context but in a nutritional context has no practical use due to ambiguity of its meaning and lack of consistency between definition sources.
How to calculate fructose and glucose contents in foods? Content of fructose and glucose in food is often incorrectly calculated. Fructose and glucose can exist as free carbs or bound into a sucrose molecule. All their forms need to be added up.
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Difference between glucose and fructose Fructose and glucose are monosaccharides that have the same caloric value and molecular formula. However, the way they are metabolized and their health effects differ greatly.
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