Nutrition Myths
Advertisement

Sucrose

The most basic form of a carbohydrate, which cannot be broken down by water to simpler units, is called monosaccharide and includes glucose, fructose and galactose. (1)

Sucrose is a carbohydrate that combines one glucose and one fructose molecule and is, therefore, called a disaccharide (di=2).

Sucrose

Note: Other disaccharides include lactose (one galactose and one glucose molecule) and maltose (two glucose molecules).

Both, monosaccharides and disaccharides belong to a group of sugars called “simple sugars” which are also called “simple carbohydrates”.

The most popular form of sucrose in our diet is table sugar although it is also present in other sweeteners (e.g. agave syrup, maple syrup or honey) and whole fruit and vegetables. Table sugar is obtained either from sugar cane or sugar beets but the source is exactly the same.

When ingested, sucrose breaks down in the small intestine into glucose and fructose with an enzyme called sucrase, which is then absorbed through the intestinal wall to the bloodstream.

The breakdown process of sucrose into fructose and glucose in the small intestine is very quick. The result is that, whether we consume fructose and glucose in the form of sucrose or separately, it takes virtually the same amount of time for these simple sugars to find themselves inside our bloodstream and exert its effects on the body.

Related Posts

Is fructose bad for you? High fructose consumption from processed foods produces negative effects in the human body, leads to metabolic syndrome, obesity and increases the risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
Sugar Nutrition Facts Sugar - Nutrition Facts
Fiber List of high fiber foods and recommendations of how much fiber per day you should eat.
Are fruit juices healthy? There are 6 reasons why fruit juices are not healthy, contrary to what is believed. These negative effects outweigh the health benefits derived from the nutrients of fruit juices.
Advertisement
Advertisement

Get updates

Receive regular updates on nutrition myths, facts and curiosities. All based on the latest scientific evidence.