Wheat Allergy

Wheat allergy is quite rare and is much more common in children than in adults. It is one of the common food allergies, but it can also be caused by contact with wheat, or by breathing wheat dust, as may happen people who work with wheat. There are four common wheat allergens, gluten being only one of them. Besides these four, there are 27 other potential allergens in wheat.

Symptoms of wheat allergy commonly show up two hours after eating food with wheat. The most common symptoms are hives, wheezing, a hoarse voice as well as stomach pain, diarrhea, itching, congestion and nausea.

As with other allergies, the most dangerous reaction to wheat is anaphylaxis, which can be deadly without urgent medical intervention.

About one percent of children have wheat allergy, but most of them outgrow it. This allergy is rare in adults. (1)Akagawa M, Handoyo T, Ishii T, Kumazawa S, Morita N, Suyama K. Proteomic Analysis of Wheat Flour Allergens. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55 (17), pp 6863–6870. Available here. (2)Wheat Allergy. Available here. (3)Inomata N. Wheat Allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Jun;9(3):238-43. Available here. (4)United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Wheat and Gluten Allergies. Available here.

References   [ + ]

1. Akagawa M, Handoyo T, Ishii T, Kumazawa S, Morita N, Suyama K. Proteomic Analysis of Wheat Flour Allergens. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55 (17), pp 6863–6870. Available here.
2. Wheat Allergy. Available here.
3. Inomata N. Wheat Allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Jun;9(3):238-43. Available here.
4. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Wheat and Gluten Allergies. Available here.

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