Energy Nutrients (Macronutrients)

Energy nutrientsEnergy nutrients are components of food that serve as a fuel source for our bodies. They include carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Alcohol is not considered a nutrient as it is not essential for our survival and therefore is not included in this section. For calories breakdown of energy nutrients please click here.


Carbohydrates are one of the three macro-nutrients (sources of fuel). There are 3 types of carbohydrates: Simple sugars, like fructose, lactose and glucose. They are found in naturally occurring foods such as fruit, honey, maple syrup, milk...

Fat rich foods


1 gram of fat equals approximately  9 calories. Food sources of fat contain a combination of 3 types of fats in different ratios: Saturated fat (solid at room temperature) Unsaturated fats (liquid at room temperature) Polyunsaturated Monounsaturated...


The best food sources of proteins are those that contain the full range of essential amino-acids (complete proteins) and are from animal origins: fish, seafood, meats, dairy and eggs. Most plant food sources lack some essential amino-acids and are...


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